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2013年职称英语考试综合类核心词汇

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  addict: v. 使沉溺于(addict oneself to( = be addicted to) 沉溺于,热中于)

  in addition/加上, 又, 另外;in addition to/加上, 除...外;

  additional adj.附加的, 另外的; 补充的

  address n.收信(件)人的住址 v. 对...讲演或发表演说; (address a meeting 向大会致辞)

  adequate adj. 足够的,恰当的,胜任的 (be adequate for..胜任…)(adequate – enough –sufficient足够的)

  adjust v. 调整;调节; 使适应(adjust oneself to sth./ 使自己适应..)

  admire v. 赞美;赞赏;(admire sb. for sth./因…而钦佩某人)

  admit v. 让...进入, 使获得(某种地位或特权), 承认(事实、错误等) (admit sb. into the university/获准入大学; admit sb. to hospital/把某人收治入院);

  adopt v. 采用, 采纳 (adopt –take采用)

  adult n. 成年人 (adult –grown-up成年人)

  advance v./n. 提高(物价等), 增加(数量、价钱等), 提前, 加速, 拨快(时针) (in advance/ 预先)(advance-increase增加(数量、价钱等) )

  advantage n. 优势, 长处, 利益, 便利 (take advantage of/ 利用,欺骗) (advantage - merit优点)

  adventure n. 冒险, 惊险活动

  advertisement n. 广告(= ad.)

  advice n. 劝告, 忠告(a piece of advice/ 一条意见; give advice /提出忠告; take/follow one's advice /接受忠告)

  advise v. 建议, 提意见, 通知( advise sb. to do sth./ 劝某人做某事,advise sb. that../通知某人某事 = inform sb. that…)

  (B级)advisable adj. 明智的, 可取的 (advisable – sensible --wise明智的)

  affair n. 事情[件], [常用复] 事务, 事态(affairs of state/ 国务; foreign affairs /外交事务 )

  affect v. 影响, 对...起作用[反应], 感动, 患(病) (affect – influence – have a bearing on影响)

  afford v. [常与can, could, be able to 连用] 担负得起费用(损失、后果等)( can't afford to buy sth./ 买不起...)

  afraid adj. [常作表语] 怕, 害怕, [口]恐怕( be afraid of/害怕, 担心; I'm afraid/[口]大概, 恐怕, 担心) (afraid --fearful)

  Africa n. 非洲

  after prep. 在…以后,adv. 以后, 后来conj, 在…以后

  again adv. 再一次, 又一次 again and again再三地, 反复地

  against: prep. 反对,敌对,逆, 碰,触, 以…为背景(be against/反对)

  age n. 年龄 v. 变老(at the age of…/ 时年..岁; be of age(= come of age/)成年 ;

  ago adv. 以前,以往(long long ago很久很久以前, two days ago/两天前);

  agree v. 一致, 相合, 同意 (agree on…/对…意见一致; agree with sb. /同意某人的话; agree to do sth. 同意做… );

  agreement n. 一致, 同意, 协议(in agreement with .../ 和..一致);

  agriculture n.农业

  ahead adv.在前, 向前, 提前( ahead of…/在…之前;超过);

  aid v. 帮助, 援助 n. 帮助, 支援(aid sb. in sth./ 帮助某人做。。);(aid – help帮助; aid –device辅助设备)

  aim v. (常与at连用)瞄准, 对准, 以…为目标n. 瞄准;目标(aim to do sth./ 致力于做。。;aim at doing sth./ sth. / 致力于做…) ;

  air n. 空气, 天空(fresh air /新鲜空气; by air /乘飞机);

  airplane n. 飞机;

  airport n.航空站,机场 ;

  alarm n. 惊恐,担忧,报警器, 闹钟,警报v. 使担心,使惊恐

  alcohol n. 酒精;

  alike adj. [常作表语]同样的, 相似的(look alike/看起来相似)

  alive adj. 活的,活着的( keep sth alive/ 让。。仍然活着 );(比较: alive(活的)不能作定语, 只能作表语和补语; living(活的) 可以作定语, 如: a living scientist 一位仍然还在世的科学家)

  all adj. 所有的, 全部的pron.全体, 全部, (与of连用)整体;全部(in all/总计; above all/首先,尤其是, all over/到处,遍及, after all/终究,毕竟, at all/完全, 根本, 究竟; after all/虽然这样, 毕竟);

  allow v. 允许,准许, 给予 (allow sb. to do sth./允许某人做。。)(allow –permit允许)

  almost adv. 几乎;(almost –nearly几乎,差不多)

  alone adj. [只作表语] 单独的; 孤独的(be alone/独自一人, leave sb. alone/让某人独自呆一会)(比较: lonely(孤独的)可以用作表语)

  along prep. 沿着(walk along the river/沿着河走; all along/始终;一直 ; along with/与…一道);

  aloud adv. 高声地,响亮地 (aloud –loudly高声地)

  already adv. [表示现在或过去某时已发生的事实] 已经

  also adv. 也, 同样, 而且(not only..but also...或 not only...but../不仅..而且…); (also –too –as well也)

  alter v. 变更;改变,改换 (alter –change改变)

  alternative n. 两者择一, 替换物, adj. 两者择一的,交替的;

  although adv. 尽管,虽然; (although – though 虽然)

  always adv. 总是;

  a.m. adv. 上午

  amaze v. 使惊奇;使吃惊(be amazed at sth. /对...感到惊奇);(amazed –surprised – astonished 感到惊讶的 )

  amazing adj. 令人吃惊的 (amazing – surprising – astonishing 令人吃惊的)

  ambition n. 野心, 雄心, 抱负;

  ambitious adj. 野心勃勃的,渴望的
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