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巧用还原法解答高考英语题

英语网 | 2014-08-11
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  高考一些单项选择题的测试点本来十分简单,但命题者有意把题干复杂,改写为一个少见或陌生的结构。对于这类题,我们可以反其道而行之,把题干还原为自己熟悉的结构,这样题目就会变得简单,答案就会一目了然,具体来说,可采用以下几种方法:   将倒装句改成陈述句   由于倒装句的使用,句子的结构变得陌生,对于这类题,可将题干还原成一个陈述句。如:   Who did the teacher ________ an article for the school newspaper?   A. has write B. has written C. have write D. have written   分析:把本题题干改成陈述句,则应是: The teacher had who write an article for the school newspaper.   这样我们一眼就可以看出答案为C。测试的知识点是使役动词have的宾语补足语用省去to 的动词不定式,表示将要发生的动作。   将陈述句改为倒装句   我们首次接触时是一个倒装句,而命题者恰恰是有意地使用陈述句来命题。如:   We had ________ left home than it began to rain   A. no sooner B. hardly C. almost D. nearly   分析:no sooner...than是一个大家十分熟悉的句型。在考察知识点时,命题者却使用了一个陈述句。如果把题干改成:________ had we left home than it began to rain,这道题的答案A也就变得十分清楚了。   将从句或插入语去掉   命题者有意地在一个句子中间插入一个从句或插入语,造成主谓隔离。如果将题干中的从句或插入语去掉,题干就会变得很简单。如:   The person we spoke to ___no answer at first.   A. make B. making C. makes D. made   分析;可以看出we spoke to是一个定语从句。将其去掉后,我们就会发现这个句子少了一个谓语动词。故本题选用. D   将被动句改为主动句   由于被动句的使用,句子的结构相对于主动句来说就没有那么清楚。我们如果将其改为主动句,这类题就会变得清楚的多。如:   Time should be made good use of ___our lessons well.   A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. learns   分析:将题干改写为主动句则:We should make good use of time ________our lesson well。可以发现介词of有其相应的宾语,其后不能再用动名词做宾语,应选不定式做目的状语。答案是C。   将省略句改为完整的句子   省略句使考生不易看清句子的结构。对于这类试题,可恢复被省略的成分,使句子的结构变得明朗,进而选择合适的答案。如:   —How long has China been open to the world?   —________1979.   A. After B. In C. Since D. From   分析:将答语部分改为一个完整的句子:China has been open to the world since 1979. 在所给的选项中只有since能和现在完成时连用。故答案为C。   将强调句的it be和that去掉还原成一个单句   It was in the small house ________ was built with stone by his father ________ he spent his childhood.   A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that,where   分析:可将题干还原成一个陈述句:He spent his childhood in the small house which was built with stone by his father. 故答案为A。   将疑问句还原为陈述句   Is this book ________ you have been looking for all the time﹖   A. that B. one C. the one D. it   分析:首先把疑问句还原成陈述句,题干即为This book is ________ you have been looking for all the time.容易看出该题是一个缺少表语且含有定语从句的主从复合句。不难看出,定语从句you have been looking for all the time修饰的先行词是主句的表语,而选项中只有the one符合要求。故答案为C(摘自www.nmet168.com)。   将固定短语还原   That was ________we had in Beijing 13 years ago!   A. wonderful time B. a wonderful time   C. wonderful D. wonderfully   分析:在某些复合句中,被修饰的先行词与定语从句中的动词可构成固定短语。此句可还原为:We had a wonderful time in Beijing 13 years ago.可看出该复合句中有一固定搭配had a wonderful time(玩得愉快),定语从句中省略了关系代词that,故答案为B。   高考一些单项选择题的测试点本来十分简单,但命题者有意把题干复杂,改写为一个少见或陌生的结构。对于这类题,我们可以反其道而行之,把题干还原为自己熟悉的结构,这样题目就会变得简单,答案就会一目了然,具体来说,可采用以下几种方法:   将倒装句改成陈述句   由于倒装句的使用,句子的结构变得陌生,对于这类题,可将题干还原成一个陈述句。如:   Who did the teacher ________ an article for the school newspaper?   A. has write B. has written C. have write D. have written   分析:把本题题干改成陈述句,则应是: The teacher had who write an article for the school newspaper.   这样我们一眼就可以看出答案为C。测试的知识点是使役动词have的宾语补足语用省去to 的动词不定式,表示将要发生的动作。   将陈述句改为倒装句   我们首次接触时是一个倒装句,而命题者恰恰是有意地使用陈述句来命题。如:   We had ________ left home than it began to rain   A. no sooner B. hardly C. almost D. nearly   分析:no sooner...than是一个大家十分熟悉的句型。在考察知识点时,命题者却使用了一个陈述句。如果把题干改成:________ had we left home than it began to rain,这道题的答案A也就变得十分清楚了。   将从句或插入语去掉   命题者有意地在一个句子中间插入一个从句或插入语,造成主谓隔离。如果将题干中的从句或插入语去掉,题干就会变得很简单。如:   The person we spoke to ___no answer at first.   A. make B. making C. makes D. made   分析;可以看出we spoke to是一个定语从句。将其去掉后,我们就会发现这个句子少了一个谓语动词。故本题选用. D   将被动句改为主动句   由于被动句的使用,句子的结构相对于主动句来说就没有那么清楚。我们如果将其改为主动句,这类题就会变得清楚的多。如:   Time should be made good use of ___our lessons well.   A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. learns   分析:将题干改写为主动句则:We should make good use of time ________our lesson well。可以发现介词of有其相应的宾语,其后不能再用动名词做宾语,应选不定式做目的状语。答案是C。
 
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