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名师分析高考英语考点

英语网 | 2014-08-11
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  编者按:高考临近,备考已经进入最后的冲刺阶段。英语是容易拿分也容易丢分的科目,在复习中怎样做到提高效率,有的放矢呢?日前,记者就此话题采访了环球雅思苏州分校的王健老师,总结了一些考点要领。   定语从句是中学阶段英语学习的主要语法之一,也是高考题的命题热点所在,其中定语从句中关系代词前介词的判断更是高考英语命题的一个高频考点。   对于“介词+which / whom”结构的考查,高考英语主要涉及以下几个方面:   1.考查定语从句中谓语动词的搭配习惯   (1) 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配   Water is the natural medium in which fish live. 水是鱼类赖以生存的自然环境。(注意搭配live in)   The documents for which they were searching have been recovered.   他们找寻的文件已经找到了。(注意搭配search for)   This is a subject about which we might argue for a long while.   这是一个我们可能长时间争论的问题。(注意搭配argue about)   I wanted to find someone with whom I could discuss books and music.   我想找到一个可以和我谈书和音乐的人。(注意搭配discuss sth with sb)   注:有一些介词为固定搭配的一部分,此时它们的位置应注意。如:   The boy (whom) my sister is looking after is getting better.   不能说成:The boy after whom my sister is looking is getting better.   (2) 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 (from www.nmet168.com)   He referred me to some refer-ence books with which I am not very familiar.   他我要去参考一些我不熟悉的参考书。(注意搭配be familiar with)   2.考查先行词与介词的搭配习惯   这类考题往往要根据具体的语境来选择介词。如:   This is our classroom, in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk. 这是我们的教室,前面有老师的讲台。(注意搭配 in the front of our classroom)   I’ll never forget the day on which she said goodbye to me. 我永远不会忘记她与我们告别的那一天。(注意搭配on the day)   3.考查表示所属关系的ofwhich[whom]   On the blackboard the teacher wrote a sentence, the meaning of which I don’t understand. 老师在黑板上写了一个句子,句子的意思我不明白。(注意搭配the meaning of the sentence)   4.考查表示整体与部分关系的ofwhich[whom]   I have five English dictionaries of which Longman Dictionary is the best. 我有5本英语词典,其中最好的是朗文词典。(注意搭配of the five dictio-naries)   The buses, most of which were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. 多数公共汽车已经上满了人,周围是一伙愤怒的群众。(注意搭配most of the buses)   I met the fruit-pickers, several of whom were university students.   我碰到那些摘水果的人,其中有好几个是大学生。
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