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2014年职称英语考试卫生C真题部分

英语网 | 2014-09-02
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  发布“2014年职称英语考试《卫生C》真题(部分) ”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问英语网!   特别说明:原文来自职称英语教材阅读判断第四篇   第四篇:Some Sleep Drugs Do More Than Make You Sleep   The United States Food and Drug Administration1 has ordered companies to place strong new warnings on thirteen drugs that treat sleep disorders. It also ordered the makers of the sleeping pills to provide information for patients explaining how to safely use the drugs.   Last Wednesday, the FDA announced that some of these drugs can have unexpected and dangerous effects. These include the risk of life-threatening allergic reactions. They also include rare incidents of strange behavior. These include people cooking food, eating and even driving while asleep. The patients later had no memory of doing these activities while asleep.   Last year, a member of the United States Congress2 said he had a sleep-driving incident. Patrick Kennedy, a representative from Rhode Island3,crashed his car into a security barrier near the building where lawmakers meet. The accident happened in the middle of the night and no one was hurt. Mr. Kennedy said he had earlier taken a sleep medicine. He said he was also being treated with a stomach sickness drug that could cause sleepiness.   The Food and Drug Administration did not say in its announcement how many cases of sleep-driving it had documented. However, the New York Times4 reported last year about people who said they had strange sleep events after taking the drug Ambien. Some reported sleep-driving and sleep-walking. Others said they found evidence after waking in the morning that they had cooked food or eaten in their sleep. But they had no memory of carrying out the activities.   A. Food and Drug Administration official says that these serious side effects of sleep disorder drugs appear to be rare. But, he also says there are probably more cases than are reported.5 He says the agency believes the risk of such behaviors could be reduced if people take the drugs as directed and do not drink alcohol while taking the drugs. The Food and Drug Administration has advised drug companies to carry out studies to investigate the problem.   词汇:   disorder /d s' d /n. 障碍;紊乱;疾病   crash /kr / v.碰撞   allergic / 'l d k/ adj. 变应性的,过敏性的   lawmaker /'l me k / n.立法者,立法机关的成员,议员   incident /' ns dnt/n. 偶发事件,小事件   representative /repr 'zent t v/n. 代表   sickness /'s kn s/ n.疾病;恶心,呕吐   stomach /'st m k/ n.胃   document /'d kj mnt/ vt.记载   sleepiness /'sli p n s/ n.昏昏欲睡   注释:   1. United States Food and Drug Administration :美国食品及药品管理局   2. United States Congress:美国国会   3. Rhode Island:罗得岛   4. New York Times:《纽约时报》   5. But, he also said there are probably more cases than are reported.不过,他也说道,可能实际病例要比报道的多。请注意本句中than的用法。than后面连接了一个句子,可是却没有主语,学术界对此有两种说法:一种认为than是关系代词,它本身在从句中作一个句子成分;另一种则认为than仍为连接词,后面省略了句子的部分成分。请看类似的句子:You spent more money than was intended to be spent.你花去的钱比预计的多。As the child grows, the jawbones grow also; therefore, there is space for more teeth than are in the first set.随着孩子的长大,颌骨也随着长大,因此就有空间供比第一套还要多的牙齿占用。   练习:   1. There are altogether 13 drugs treating sleep disorders in the United States.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   2. FDA considers it the producers’ duty to warn the users of sleeping pills about the serious side effects and to tell them how to use safely.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   3. An allergic reaction to sleeping pills may sometimes cause a user to die.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   4. A stomach sickness drug alone caused Patrick Kennedy to crash his car into a security barrier.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   5. FDA based its order upon a wide investigation of sleep-driving.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   6. Sleep-walking is also one of the serious side effects induced by taking sleeping pills.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   7. The appearance of one or another side effect after taking some sleeping pill is unavoidable.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   2014年职称英语卫生阅读判断   第四篇:Some Sleep Drugs Do More Than Make You Sleep   答案与题解:   1. C第一段第一句只说FDA命令制药公司在13种安眠药上贴上语气坚定的新的警告语,但是没有提到这13种是不是包括了美国所有的安眠药。   2. A第一段中FDA命令制药商贴新警告语并指导病人如何安全用药,自然就认为这是制药商不可推卸的责任。   3. A第二段第一、二句说到,其中有些药物具有意外的危险作用,包括威胁生命的过敏反应。既然威胁到生命,那有时就可能引起死亡。   4. B请注意第三段最后一句的was also being treated,尤其是also,说明他服用安眠药的同时也服用治呕吐的药,故不是单纯后一种药引起他的车祸。   5. C第四段第一句说,FDA没有说它调查了多少昏昏迷迷开车的事例,因此我们并不知道它是否做过大量调查。   6. A第四段尤其是其中的第三句说到,服用安眠药以后有人昏昏迷迷开车,有人梦游,因此梦游属于副作用之一。   7. B最后一段说到,只要服安眠药时按说明书服用而且不喝酒,危险行为就会减少,因此副作用并不是不可避免。   发布“2014年职称英语考试《卫生C》真题(部分) ”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网! 特别说明:原文来自职称英语教材阅读判断第四篇   第四篇:Some Sleep Drugs Do More Than Make You Sleep   The United States Food and Drug Administration1 has ordered companies to place strong new warnings on thirteen drugs that treat sleep disorders. It also ordered the makers of the sleeping pills to provide information for patients explaining how to safely use the drugs.   Last Wednesday, the FDA announced that some of these drugs can have unexpected and dangerous effects. These include the risk of life-threatening allergic reactions. They also include rare incidents of strange behavior. These include people cooking food, eating and even driving while asleep. The patients later had no memory of doing these activities while asleep.   Last year, a member of the United States Congress2 said he had a sleep-driving incident. Patrick Kennedy, a representative from Rhode Island3,crashed his car into a security barrier near the building where lawmakers meet. The accident happened in the middle of the night and no one was hurt. Mr. Kennedy said he had earlier taken a sleep medicine. He said he was also being treated with a stomach sickness drug that could cause sleepiness.   The Food and Drug Administration did not say in its announcement how many cases of sleep-driving it had documented. However, the New York Times4 reported last year about people who said they had strange sleep events after taking the drug Ambien. Some reported sleep-driving and sleep-walking. Others said they found evidence after waking in the morning that they had cooked food or eaten in their sleep. But they had no memory of carrying out the activities.   A. Food and Drug Administration official says that these serious side effects of sleep disorder drugs appear to be rare. But, he also says there are probably more cases than are reported.5 He says the agency believes the risk of such behaviors could be reduced if people take the drugs as directed and do not drink alcohol while taking the drugs. The Food and Drug Administration has advised drug companies to carry out studies to investigate the problem.   词汇:   disorder /d s' d /n. 障碍;紊乱;疾病   crash /kr / v.碰撞   allergic / 'l d k/ adj. 变应性的,过敏性的   lawmaker /'l me k / n.立法者,立法机关的成员,议员   incident /' ns dnt/n. 偶发事件,小事件   representative /repr 'zent t v/n. 代表   sickness /'s kn s/ n.疾病;恶心,呕吐   stomach /'st m k/ n.胃   document /'d kj mnt/ vt.记载   sleepiness /'sli p n s/ n.昏昏欲睡   注释:   1. United States Food and Drug Administration :美国食品及药品管理局   2. United States Congress:美国国会   3. Rhode Island:罗得岛   4. New York Times:《纽约时报》   5. But, he also said there are probably more cases than are reported.不过,他也说道,可能实际病例要比报道的多。请注意本句中than的用法。than后面连接了一个句子,可是却没有主语,学术界对此有两种说法:一种认为than是关系代词,它本身在从句中作一个句子成分;另一种则认为than仍为连接词,后面省略了句子的部分成分。请看类似的句子:You spent more money than was intended to be spent.你花去的钱比预计的多。As the child grows, the jawbones grow also; therefore, there is space for more teeth than are in the first set.随着孩子的长大,颌骨也随着长大,因此就有空间供比第一套还要多的牙齿占用。   练习:   1. There are altogether 13 drugs treating sleep disorders in the United States.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   2. FDA considers it the producers’ duty to warn the users of sleeping pills about the serious side effects and to tell them how to use safely.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   3. An allergic reaction to sleeping pills may sometimes cause a user to die.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   4. A stomach sickness drug alone caused Patrick Kennedy to crash his car into a security barrier.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   5. FDA based its order upon a wide investigation of sleep-driving.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   6. Sleep-walking is also one of the serious side effects induced by taking sleeping pills.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   7. The appearance of one or another side effect after taking some sleeping pill is unavoidable.   A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned   2014年职称英语卫生阅读判断   第四篇:Some Sleep Drugs Do More Than Make You Sleep   答案与题解:   1. C第一段第一句只说FDA命令制药公司在13种安眠药上贴上语气坚定的新的警告语,但是没有提到这13种是不是包括了美国所有的安眠药。   2. A第一段中FDA命令制药商贴新警告语并指导病人如何安全用药,自然就认为这是制药商不可推卸的责任。   3. A第二段第一、二句说到,其中有些药物具有意外的危险作用,包括威胁生命的过敏反应。既然威胁到生命,那有时就可能引起死亡。   4. B请注意第三段最后一句的was also being treated,尤其是also,说明他服用安眠药的同时也服用治呕吐的药,故不是单纯后一种药引起他的车祸。   5. C第四段第一句说,FDA没有说它调查了多少昏昏迷迷开车的事例,因此我们并不知道它是否做过大量调查。   6. A第四段尤其是其中的第三句说到,服用安眠药以后有人昏昏迷迷开车,有人梦游,因此梦游属于副作用之一。   7. B最后一段说到,只要服安眠药时按说明书服用而且不喝酒,危险行为就会减少,因此副作用并不是不可避免。   发布“2014年职称英语考试《卫生C》真题(部分) ”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网!   特别说明:原文出自卫生类教材补全短文第二篇   Bedwetting   Millions of kids and teenagers from every part of the world wet the bed every single night. It’s so common that there are probably other kids in your class who do it. Most kids don’t tell their friends, so it’s easy to feel kind of1 alone, like you might be the only one on the whole planet who wets the bed.___1___   The fancy name for bedwetting is nocturnal enuresis. Enuresis runs in families.2 This means that if you urinate, or pee, while you are asleep, there’s a good chance that a close relative also did it when he or she was a kid.___2___   The most important thing to remember is that no one wets the bed on purpose4. It doesn’t mean that you’re lazy or a slob.___3___ For some reason, kids who wet the bed are not able to feel that their bladder is full and don’t wake up to pee in the toilet. Sometimes a kid who wets the bed will have a realistic dream that he’s in the bathroom peeing — only to wake up later and discover he’s all wet6. Many kids who wet the bed are very deep sleepers.___4___   Some kids who wet the bed do it every single night. Others wet some nights and are dry on others. A lot of kids say that they seem to be drier when they sleep at a friend’s or a relative’s house.___5___So the brain may be thinking, "Hey, you! Don’t wet someone else’s bed!" This can help you stay dry even if you’re not aware of it.   词汇:   bedwetting /'bedweti / n.尿床   nocturnal /n k't n l/ adj.夜间发生的   enuresis /,enj 'ri s s/ n.遗尿   urinate /'j r ne t/ vi.排尿,撒尿,小便   pee /pi / vi.撒尿,小便   mom /m m/ n.妈妈   slob /sl b/ n.衣冠不整举止粗鲁的人   bladder /'bl d / n.膀胱   log /l g/ n.原木   注释:   1. kind of:有点儿,有几分   2. Enuresis runs in families.遗尿在一些家族中世代相传。   3. Just like you may have inherited your mom blue eyes or your uncle’s long legs, you probably inherited bedwetting, too.正如你双蓝眼睛有可能遗传自你的母亲,或是你那两条长腿遗传自你的叔叔,你尿床也可能是遗传所致。   4. on purpose:故意地   5. It’s something you can’t help doing.这是件身不由己的事情。   6. Sometimes a kid who wets the bed will have a realistic dream that he’s in the bathroom peeing——only to wake up later and discover he’s all wet.有时尿床的孩子会梦见自己真的在卫生间撒尿,只是等醒来时才发现自己已经湿透了。   7. That’s because kids who are anxious about wetting the bed may not sleep much or only very lightly.这是因为他们因担心尿床而睡得不多或是睡得不熟。   练习:   A. The good news is that almost all kids who wet the bed eventually stop.   B. Trying to wake up someone who wets the bed is often like trying to wake a log—they just stay asleep.   C. It’s something you can’t help doing.   D. Just like you may have inherited your mom’s blue eyes or your uncle’s long legs, you probably inherited bedwetting, too.   E. That’s because kids who are anxious about wetting the bed may not sleep much or only very lightly.   F. But you are not alone.   2014年职称英语教材卫生类补全短文   Bedwetting   答案与题解:   1. F文章第一段主要讲全世界每晚尿床的孩子不计其数,但大多数孩子对自己尿床的事儿都闭口不言。因此你要是尿床的话,很容易感到你是独自一人,好像全世界只有你一个人尿床,但事实并非如此。   2. D此段主要讲尿床在家族中遗传,也就是说,如果你有尿床的毛病,很可能你的近亲中有人小的时候也尿床。因此说尿床是遗传所致。   3. C此句之前的两句话已经说明没有人会故意尿床,可见这是一件身不由己的事情。   4. B前一句讲,许多尿床的孩子都睡得很沉,因此接下来自然要说想叫醒爱尿床的孩子是件很难的事。   5. E前一讲,许多尿床的孩子说,在朋友或者亲戚家中过夜时,他们似乎不会尿床,接下来就应该讲明其原因。   2014年职称英语教材卫生类补全短文   Bedwetting   参考译文   第二篇 尿床   每天晚上全世界会有数百万的孩子尿床。尿床现象如此普遍,以至于你们班里也可能有别的孩子也尿床。大多数孩子不会把自己尿床的事告诉朋友,因此很容易感到你是独自一人,好像全世界只有你一个人尿床。但你并不是一个人。   尿床的学名是夜间遗尿。遗尿在家族中代代相传,也就是说,如果你有尿床的毛病,很可能你的近亲小的时候也尿床。正如你的那双蓝眼睛可能遗传自你母亲,或者你的两条长腿遗传自你的叔叔,你尿床也可能是遗传所致。   很重要的一点是没有人会故意尿床。尿床并不意味着你懒惰或是粗俗。这是件身不由己的事。因为某些原因,尿床的孩子感觉不到他膀胱已满而起来去上厕所。有时尿床的孩子会梦见自己真的在卫生间撒尿,只是等醒来时才发现自己已经湿透了。许多尿床的孩子都睡得很沉,想要叫醒一个尿床的孩子就像要叫醒一根木头——他就是醒不过来。   有些孩子们每个晚上都尿床,另一些孩子则有时尿有时不尿。很多小孩说,他们在亲戚或朋友家过夜时好像就不会尿床。这是因为他们因担心尿床而睡得不多或是睡得不熟,他们的大脑可能在想:“嗨,你可不能尿湿了别人的床!”尽管你自己并未意识到这一点,这种想法却能帮助你抑制尿床。
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