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2015年英语四级不定式翻译练习

本站原创 | 2015-02-12
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  不定式
  
  1) It was a great achievement _______________(10个月建成一栋24层的楼).
  
  2) It is necessary _______________(我们在考试前好好地睡一晚上觉).
  
  3) It is generous _______________(你把这么多钱捐给灾区人民).
  
  4) The teacher decided _______________(不惩罚那些上课迟到的学生).
  
  5) Mr. Green was wondering _______________ (是否去看望在法国的儿子).
  
  6) The gardener _______________(刚才警告我不要在中午给花浇水).
  
  7) We _______________(请他给我们做有关现代艺术的讲座).
  
  8) He feels it challenging _______________(在这么大一所大学做学生会主席).
  
  9) We hope to have more opportunities _______________(把我们在课堂上学到的东西应用践).
  
  10) The bad weather _______________(破坏了我们在露天放电影的计划).
  
  11) The environmentalists are against _______________(在郊区建一座核电站的决定).
  
  12) Sally Ride was the first _______________(探索外部空间的美国妇女).
  
  13) They lifted a rock _______________(结果砸了自己的脚).
  
  14) He was surprised _______________(在这个山村遇见一个中学同学).
  
  15) I am sorry _______________(占用了您这么多时间).
  
  16) I happened _______________(在他冲进来的时候站在门口).
  
  17) She doesn’t like _______________(被当作客人).
  
  18) If you want to save money, you’d better _______________(到校园书店买旧书).
  
  19) We did nothing _______________(除了整天打桥牌).
  
  20) We were made _______________(进屋之前在垫子上擦擦脚).
  
  不定式考点
  
  1) to complete a 24-story building in 10 months
  
  (不定式作主语时常用it作形式主语放在句首代替不定式,而将不定式移到谓语后面)
  
  2) for us to have a good night’s sleep before the test
  
  (考点:有时用“介词for + 代词/名词”来表示不定式的逻辑主语,这时整句的谓语描述的对象是事情,这种情况下谓语中常用的形容词有:necessary, important, possible, impossible, all right, essential等)
  
  3) of you to donate so much money to the people in the disaster area
  
  (考点:有时用“介词of + 代词/名词”来表示不定式的逻辑主语,这时整句的谓语描述的对象是人,这种情况下谓语中常用的形容词有:absurd, bold, brave, careful, careless, cowardly, cruel, foolish, generous, good, honest, kind, nice, polite, rude, selfish, silly, stupid, thoughtful, thoughtless, wicked, wise, wrong等)
  
  4) not to punish those students who had been late for class
  
  (考点:1. 用不定式结构作decide的宾语;2.不定式的否定形式是在to前加not)
  
  (能带不定式作宾语的动词常见的有:afford, agree, ask, attempt, beg, begin, bother, care, choose, claim, consent, decide, demand, desire, dislike, endeavor, expect, fail, fear, forget, happen, hate, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, like, love, manage, mean, neglect, offer, plan, pledge, prefer, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, remember, resolve, start, threaten, undertake, venture, volunteer, vow, want, wish)
  
  5) whether to visit their son in France
  
  (考点:“疑问词+不定式”作动词wonder的宾语。能以这种结构作宾语的动词通常有ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, forget, guess, know, learn, observe, remember, see, tell, understand, wonder等)
  
  6) warned me just now not to water flowers at noon
  
  (考点:不定式作宾语补语)
  
  7) invited him to give us a lecture on modern art
  
  (考点:同上)
  
  (能带不定式结构作宾语补语的动词有advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, challenge, command, compel, enable, determine, encourage, expect, feel, find, force, get, hate, have, hear, help, inform invite, let, like, make, mean, need, notice, notify, oblige, order, permit, persuade, remind, request, require, see, send, teach, tell, tempt, trouble, urge, want, warn, watch, wish等。注:划线的动词后面的不定式不带to)
  
  8) to be the chairman of students’ union in so large a university
  
  (考点:动词 + it + 形容词/名词 + 不定式。it是形式宾语,不定式是真正宾语)
  
  9) to apply what we have learned in class to practice
  
  (考点:不定式作定语)
  
  (不定式常用作以下名词/代词的定语:ability, ambition, anything, attempt, capability, chance, curiosity, desire, decision, determination, effort, failure, intention, need, nothing, opportunity, place, plan, promise, reason, right, something, tendency, time, way, wish等)
  
  10) ruined our plan to show the film in the open air
  
  11) the decision to build a nuclear power station in the suburbs
  
  12) American woman to explore the outer space
  
  (考点:由only, last, next,序数词或形容词最高级修饰的名词常用不定式作定语)
  
  13) only to drop it on their own feet
  
  (考点:不定式作结果状语)
  
  14) to meet a high school classmate in the mountain village
  
  (考点:不定式作原因状语)
  
  15) to have taken up so much of your time
  
  (考点:1. 不定式作原因状语;2. 不定式的完成时)
  
  16) to be standing in the doorway when he rushed in
  
  (考点:不定式的进行式)
  
  17) to be treated as a guest
  
  (考点:不定式的被动形式)
  
  18) go to the campus bookstore to buy used books
  
  (考点:不带to的不定式)
  
  19) but play bridge the whole day
  
  20) to wipe our feet on the mat before going into the room
  
  (考点:当动词see, make, hear等用于被动语态时,不定式要保留to)
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