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2015年英语四级虚拟语气翻译练习

本站原创 | 2015-02-12
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  虚拟语气
  
  1) I wish _______________(我年轻的时候有你们这样的机会).
  
  2) If only ______________(他知道这病是可以治好的)! Then he would not have killed himself.
  
  3) —— Would you like him to paint your door with yellow stars?
  
  —— I’d rather he _______________(漆成蓝色的,而且不带任何装饰).
  
  4) It’s high time that _______________(采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题).
  
  5) Hugh usually talks _______________(仿佛在大会上发表演说似的).
  
  6) We insist that _______________(让杰克立刻进医院).
  
  7) It was advised that _______________(在居民区设立更多的流动商店).
  
  8) His proposal was that _______________(他们成立一个专门委员会来检查这个问题).
  
  9) We are going to discuss his suggestion that _______________(取消期中考试).
  
  10) It is ridiculous that _______________(我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水).
  
  11) It is essential that _______________(每个人都为紧急情况做好准备).
  
  12) _______________(如果他按照我告诉他的办法订票), we would have had quite a comfortable journey.
  
  13) I was to have made a speech _______________(要不是有人把我的话打断了).
  
  14) It didn’t rain last night. _______________(要是下了,地就会湿的).
  
  15) _______________(如果我一直住在纽约), I would know the U.S. well now.
  
  16) If the doctor had not come in time, _______________(他现在就不在人间了).
  
  17) But for his help, _______________(我们就不会以这么低的价格租到房子了).
  
  18) I used my calculator; _______________(否则,我会花更长的时间才能算出这道题).
  
  19) Were I in your place, _______________(我会毫不犹豫地抓住机会).
  
  20) Had it not been for their opposition, _______________(这项法案早就通过了).
  
  21) Should there be another world war, _______________(人类的继续存在就会有危险).
  
  22) He walked lightly _______________(以免惊醒婴儿).
  
  解析:
  
  1) I had had your opportunities when I was young
  
  (考点:I wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望)
  
  2) he had known this disease is curable
  
  (考点:If only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与 I wish…基本相同)
  
  3) painted it blue, and without any decorations
  
  (考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实)
  
  4) measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams
  
  (考点:It’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”)
  
  5) as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly
  
  (考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑)
  
  6) Jack (should) be sent to hospital right now
  
  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)
  
  7) more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area
  
  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)
  
  8) they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem
  
  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用虚拟形式)
  
  9) the mid-term exams (should) be canceled
  
  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用虚拟形式)
  
  [表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]
  
  10) we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining
  
  (考点:在It is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等)
  
  11) everyone (should) be prepared for emergency
  
  12) If he had booked tickets in the way I told him
  
  (考点:在非真实条件句中用过去完成式表示与过去的事实相反)
  
  13) if I had not been interrupted
  
  14) If it had rained, the ground would be wet
  
  (考点:在非真实条件句中,当主句与从句表示的动作不是同时发生时,就根据情况用适当的谓语动词形式)
  
  15) If I had been living in New York
  
  (考点:同上)
  
  16) he would be dead now
  
  (考点:同上)
  
  17) we could not have rent a house at such a low price
  
  (考点:but for经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)
  
  18) otherwise, it would have taken me more time to work out this question
  
  (考点:otherwise也经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)
  
  19) I would seize the opportunity without hesitation
  
  20) this act would have been passed much earlier
  
  (考点:同上)
  
  21) the continued existence of the human race would be in jeopardy
  
  (考点:同上)
  
  22) lest he should awaken the baby
  
  (考点:lest (以免)引导的从句通常用sb. should do的形式表示虚拟)
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