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2015高考英语考点之完型

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高考英语完形填空专题 解题技巧与方法指导 一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择 首句一般不设空。因此我们应重视首句,并利用首句预测短文的问题和全文内容。 1. I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was      and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be anything but a failure. ”           A. bright               B. useless         C. simple          D. hopeful 2. Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her first concert. She had been waiting for this moment for years and years. “Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her ___1___ is.” The song made her go back to the days when she was Lauren’s age. As a young girl, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___2___ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ___3___ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be prepared to study hard and work for many years. 1. A. voice                B. face                      C. dress                    D. life 2. A. French              B. music                   C. piano                    D. dance 3. A. actress              B. student                 C. singer                  D. dancer 二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题 1. Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was    . He never criticized us, but used _____ to bring out our best.       A. strict                   B. honest        C. special                  D. learned   A. help            B. peace      C. smile          D. praise 2. His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often    about that, Ed refused to buy a    T-shirt or to lose weight.    A. cared       B. forgot     C. quarreled     D. joked    A. clean       B. straight    C. larger         D. darker 三、利用语篇标志解题 常见语篇标志词语:结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly;逻辑关系:thus, therefore, so;递进关系:besides, what’s more, further;转折关系:but, while, however, on the other hand等。 She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n)  vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed. A. disappointing         B. wonderful  C. uncomfortable  D. important 因此,我们要善于找出(三找): 一找.  逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进) 二找.  NOT(在原文中找not) 三找.  AND(在原文中找and) 四、根据逻辑推理解题 …and the officers then began to eat their meal, saying that the mushrooms had a very strange___quite pleasant taste.
       A. besides       B. but         C. and           D. or
五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. Owning springs and streams sometimes means control, particularly in the   areas like the desert.                   Adry                B.distant        C.deserted                D.wild 六、从语法角度来解题 I went into a café and asked for a coffee .      I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place, but I sensed loneliness.    A.Before             B.Since        C.Although        DWhile 2. Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then_    later you had kept your mouth shut? 23.A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题 He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming___.So he shouldn’t have gone into that place.   .A.after all      B. in all      C.at all      D. for all 八、从词语辨析的角度来解题 When, two weeks later, I    this same boy, I was more aware of my position in Nigerian society. I shouldenjoythis country as the son of a minister. A. ran after     B. ran into    C. ran over             D. ran to 九.根据找复现同现解题 复现 复现是一种词汇衔接手段,它通过原词、同义词、反义词、上义词、下义词、同源词或同根词等形式,重复出现来表达某一概念,使整篇文章上下连贯,有机地衔接在一起。因此,考生可根据文章的具体情况,理解文章的结构和语境,利用文章中的复现现象来选择正确答案。(1)原词复现。为了表达的需要,在具体的上下文中同一个单词重复出现。如: All of a sudden I started to feel rather ______. She wondered why I was looking for this sort of ______. I felt even more helpless when she told me that it would be difficult to get a job without experience. A. encouraged    B. dissatisfied         C. helpless        D. pleased A. place         B. job                    C. advice          D. help  (2)同义词、近义词复现。同义词、近义词复现是借助意思相同或相近的表达方式,或解释性的语言使上下文的语义得以连接起来。如: That is what a hobby means, I guess. It is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the ______ of it. The value in dollars is not important; we do it for the pleasure it gives us. A. benefit        B. good         C. fun          D. interest (3)反义词复现。语意的连贯有时是通过对比结构而采用反义复现的手段,或者是以反义的方式对前文加以解释,考生可以从反义的角度判断正确的选项。如: Forcing yourself to recall almost never helps because it doesn’t ______ your money; it onlytightens it. A. loosen     B. weaken     C. decrease    D. reduce   (4)同源词复现。对于上下文语义复现的表达,还可借助复现信息的同源词或同根词。如: Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the students. If a long reading assignment is given, the instructors expect students to be familiar with the information in the reading……When research is _________, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. A. collected     B. assigned     C. distributed   D. finished (5)上义词复现。上义词具有概括的作用。在篇章中,有时为了表达的需要,作者会先概述,再分述。概述时用的为上义词,分述则用比较具体的下义词,两者为总分关系。如: Other times, he would join student groups to discuss a variety of       : agriculture, diving and mathematics. A. questions      B. subjects        C. matters        D. contents 同现 同现指意义上相互联系的单词同时出现在同一句话或同一语篇中,以确保语篇的和谐性、得体性。由于单词意义的差别、所使用的语境不同,因此所使用的上下文也各有差异。 (1)场所同现。如: On        days, she wore heavy clothes and a pair of woolen gloves. A. sunny         B. rainy           C. cloudy        D. snowy (2)修饰同现。如: Although these wide modern roads are generally _______ and well maintained, with little sharp curves and many straight ________, a direct route is not always the most enjoyable one. A. stable      B. smooth         C. splendid   D. complicated A. selections  B. separations   C. series     D. sections  (3)因果同现。如: “Hooray!” shouted the crowd. It was the loudest        I had ever heard at a meeting. The first-place runner was two laps ahead of me when she crossed the finishing line. A. cheer       B. shout      C. cry       D. noise (4)结构同现。如: Sometimeshe would invite a student to a game of chess.       , he would join student groups to discuss a variety of subjects: agriculture, diving, mathematics. A. As a matter of fact       B. Later on      C. Other times       D. In general (5)同义同现。如: If a student has problem with classroom work, the student should either _______ a professor during office hours or make an appointment. A. greet     B. attach     C. approach     D. annoy   复现同现法解题综合练习: 1. Travelling west, you set your clock ____; travelling east, you set it ahead. A. behind     B. forward     C. back     D. ahead 2. Usually it cannot (get out) because the outside of the earth is too thick and strong. But in some places the outside of the earth is ____ and weak.     A. thin     B. thick      C. flat     D. rough 3. Liumei is among the ____ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted (答应给)Liu a full scholarship --- HK$500,000. Not all students are so fortunate. A. poor  B. smart  C. lucky  D. silent 4. First of all, he was a window-cleaner and in his first week he managed to_____ six windows. A. rub    B. drop    C. break    D. clean 5. They looked rather __23__ because the overcoats were too big for them. A. strange   B. young    C. nervous   D. excited 6. We were ______ to go back for class again when the headmaster called us together and said, …  A. about   B. able    C. sorry    D. sure 7.Friendship is one of the permanent themes in the literature of all language. … Some of us like ____ friends while others like different friends. Personally I prefer both. Having similar friends has many advantages. … A. true       B. right       C. same       D. similar 8. The professor marched into the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to  38  how many beans the jar contained. After listening to shouts of wildlywrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the correct answer, and…. A.count         B. guess       C. report       D. watch 9. Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall (演讲厅) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ______: many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. A. subjects      B. paintings       C. speeches            D. lectures 10.I put my head in, expecting the worst. But to my surprise, the room wasn’t empty at all. It had furniture, curtains, a TV, and even paintings on the wall. And then on the well-made bed sat Amy, my new ____, dressed neatly. A. roommate   B. classmate    C. neighbor    D. companion 11. I believe that a mixture of friends is equally advantageous. One can ______ fromvarioussorts of friends in three aspects. First, frequent contacts with different friends broaden my world outlooks. Just as various kinds of nutriments keep you healthy, making a ____ of friends keep you lively. … Secondly, I have found that different friends can not only lead to new adventures but also show me new avenues to success in life. … A. obtain     B. benefit    C. suffer          D. earn A. range      B. series      C. quantity      D. variety   高考真题体验 (2012·广东卷)We all know that some things are obviously right. For example, it is right to be 1 to other people. It is also right to look after the environment. Some things are  2  wrong, too. For instance, we should not hurt or bully(欺负) others, nor should we litter. Rules often tell us what is right or wrong. Rules can help the public make the right  3 , and remain safe. Car drivers have to obey traffic regulations that tell them the right things to do on the road to avoid crashes. Cyclists who give signals before turning or stopping help prevent  4  . If people follow rules without taking other matters into consideration, it will be  5  for them to form what is sometimes called a “black and white” view. For example, they may believe that people should always tell the truth, and that lying is  6  acceptable. Such people always stick to their views, even if it means that they may get into  7 . Sometimes it may not be so easy to know  8  what is right or wrong. Some people choose not to eat meat because they believe that it is  9  to eat animals, but others argue that they can eat meat and  10  be kind to animals; some insist that stealing is always wrong, but others think that one does not need to feel to  11  when stealing some food to eat, if he lives in a really poor area and he is  12 . Rules help us live together in harmony, because they show us the right way to _13_ other .However, some people argue that rules may be __14_, having observed that rules change all the time, and that some schools have some regulations and other have different ones  ----so who is to _15__ what is right? 1 A .kind         B .sensitive       C  fair         D.  generous A 根据后文look after the environment以及反面观点的hurt和bully可知,此处应该为kind(友善)。 2 A .equally          B. slightly    C  clearly    D  .increasingly C 与第一句some things are obviously right相对应,为同义词同现,故选clearly。 3. A suggestiong   B  conclusions   C  turns       D  choices D 根据常识和下句‘…tell them the right things to do…’可知规章告诉人们如何做出正确选择。 4. A accidents  B mistakes    C  falls    D  deaths A 根据常识和上文出现的avoid crashes,这里应选prevent accidents,也为同义词同现。 5. A  interesting   B  vital   C  easy   D  valuable C 根据逻辑推断,这里应为人们很容易形成“黑白”观,故选easy。 6 .A  seldom  B  rarely   C  merely    D  never D 因tell the truth与lying相对,可知这里应选与always相对的never,为反义词同现。 7. A trouble   B  power  C prison  D  control A 这里意为坚持“黑白”观的人很容易惹上麻烦,故选trouble 8. A  roughly   B eventually   C  deliberately  D  exactly  D 由后文举例可知,人们有时很难“确切地”辨明是非。 9. A  awful   B  cruel   C  unhealthy   D  unnecessary B 可根据线索词but推出,这里应选用与后文kind相对应的cruel。 10. A still   B  even  C  later   D  somehow D  这句话的意思是说,他们可能会食肉,同时也会以某种方式善待动物,故选somehow。 11. A  nervous   B  anxious   C  afraid   D  guilty D 根据常识,偷东西会自觉有罪或内疚,故选guilty。 12. A  begging  B  starving   C  growing   D  wandering B 根句上下文以及前文中的he lives in a really poor area,这里应选starving,属场所同现。   13 A  follow   B  instruct   C  treat   D  protect C  根句上下文可知这里应选treat。 14.  A  disgusting   B confusing  C  unsafe   D  unimportant B  根据后文的…rules change all the time,可知这里应选confusing。 15   A  predict  B  explain   C  decide   D  consider C 根据前文的…some schools have some regulations and other have different ones,这里应选decide,意为面对这些不同的规章制度,该由谁来“抉择”什么才是正确的规章制度呢?    完形高分策略Skills of Cloze Tests 一、高考完形填空命题趋势 选材特点:  以记叙文为主, 多以记叙文和夹叙夹意为主 命题特点:  (1) 设空特点: 名词\ 动词(5-8个)为主               (2) 考点层次分三部: 里边层次:(语篇层次30%以上)体现了突出语篇的命题思路 句子层次:(占70%左右) 单词层次:(只须读懂单词所在句子就能做,分数较少)               (3)考查重点: 短文第一句不设问.
高考完形填空题型特点 1.  以叙为主, 叙议结合;    2.  篇章短小, 意义完整; 3.  首句完整, 主题明确; 4.  结构清晰, 层次分明; 5.  考查语境, 侧重辨析; 6.  实词为主, 虚词为辅; 7.  逻辑推理, 隐于语篇; 8.  常识语法, 每年出现。 完型填空之能力训练目标: 1.词语辨析能力 2.语法结构分析能力 3.语篇理解能力 4.逻辑推理能力 5.文化背景透析能力 6.作者意图剖析能力 8.生活常识综合运用能力
二、考生易失分之处 1、忽视行文逻辑,断章取义,就题论题。 2、脱离语境,滥用固定搭配。 3、缺乏必要的生活常识和不了解中西文化的差异。 做题三忌: 急于求成,未通读全文便忙于答题,不了解文意,无整体概念边读边填,两眼忙于空白与选项之间,欲速则不达。 只抠字眼,语法,不顾文意,抓不住关键。 断章取义,就题论题,不管前后联系,互不照应,前后矛盾。 三、做题三步法方法: 四、巧解完形填空——高分技巧
1、研究首尾——找主题 2、上下联系——寻信息 3、左顾右盼——找搭配 4、思前想后——觅逻辑 5、语境分析——辨词义 6、集中精力——破难题 7、回读检查——补漏洞 1、提高阅读能力(速度、理解) 2、打好语法基础(固定搭配) 3、扩充词汇量(动词、名词) 4、增长生活常识,培养广泛的兴趣爱好 5、多做多练,以提高实战能力 How to get high scores 1. 正确的答题步骤2. 必要的答题技巧 3. 适量的实践训练
九大方法巧解完形 一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择 I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was   36   and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be 37(anything)  but a failure. ”           A. bright              B. useless         C. simple          D. hopeful 二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题 Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was   37 . He never criticized us, but used  38  to bring out our best.       37. A. strict                 B. honest        C. special               D. learned    38. A. help                B. peace      C. smile         D. praise Practice    His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often  43  about that, Ed refused to buy a  44  T-shirt or to lose weight.   43. A. cared       B. forgot     C. quarreled       D. joked   44. A. clean       B. straight    C. larger         D. darker 三、利用语篇标志解题(三找) 常见的标志性的词语有以下几种:结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly;逻辑关系:thus, therefore, so;递进关系:besides, what’s more, further;转折关系:but, while, however, on the other hand等。 She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n)41 vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed.     A. disappointing     B. wonderful  C. uncomfortable  D. important 1、找逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进) 2、找NOT题(在原文中找not 句式结构:前面肯定后面否定、前面否定后面肯定,则选对立关系的词。 考点:(以下条件缺一不可) ①考查的是一个肯定句和否定句之间的逻辑关系,空前后必须是独立的句子; ②出题位置在两个句子之间或第二个句子的开头,不能处在一个句子的末尾或中间; ③选项中必须要有对立关系的词。 3、找AND题(在原文中找and 考点: ①and前后选同义词,词性一致; ②and前后选同一范围词; ③and前后句子对应成分相同; ④在文章中,并列关系词前后如果出题,利用已知关系解题。 3、找同现复现原则 Liumei is among the __22__ ones. The Chinese University of Hong Kong granted (答应给)Liu a full scholarship --- HK$500,000. Not all students are sofortunate. 22.  A. poor  B. smart  C. lucky  D. silent Friendship is one of the permanent themes in the literature of all language. … Some of us like __2__ friends whileothers likedifferent friends. Personally I prefer both.     Having similarfriends has many advantages. … 2. A. true       B. right       C. same       D. similar 四、根据逻辑推理解题 …and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange___quite pleasant taste.
       A. besides       B. but         C. and           D. or
五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning) springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37  areas like the desert.                   Adry              B.distant        C.deserted          D.wild 六、从语法角度来解题 I went into a café and asked for a coffee .   21   I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place , but I sensed  22 (loneliness).    A.Before        B.Since        C.Although         DWhile Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then   23   later you had kept your mouth shut? 23. A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题 1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn’t have gone into that place.   1.A.after all      B. in all      C.at all      D. for all 八、从词语辨析的角度来解题 When, two weeks later, I  38  this same boy, I was more aware of my position in Nigerian society. I should  9(enjoy)  this country as the son of a minister. A. ran after         B. ran into    C. ran over            D. ran to 九、同义近义复现来解题 I believe that a mixture of friends is equally advantageous.One can ___7___ fromvarious sorts of friends in three  aspects. First, frequent contacts with differentfriends broaden my world outlooks. Just as various kinds of nutriments keep you healthy, making a __8__ of friends keep you lively. … Secondly, I have found that different friends can not only lead to new adventures but also show me new avenues to success in life. … 7. A. obtain     B. benefit    C. suffer          D. earn 8. A. range      B. series      C. quantity      D. variety   完型填空实战四招 抓首——抓住首句,预测全文。 完形填空所选短文多没有标题,但一般首句是一个不设空(或较简单)的完整的句子,往往用以点明短文的体裁,如议论、说明或叙述等。因此,我们在解题时一定要注意以首句的时态、语态及表述方式为立足点来进行逻辑思维,判断文章体裁,找出文章中心。 捕眼——捕捉题眼,寻找契机 所谓“题眼”,就是指那些在短文中起重要作用的关键词以及能够帮助我们解决问题问题的特定的语境。捕捉题眼,就是要迅速找到语篇中的特殊的内在联系——那些表示因果、递进、转折、指代等意义的连接词及动词、形容词、副词、同位语等,还有那些明确具体的事实(如时间、地点、人物、形状、色彩、顺序),以及它们之间的关系等。 跳身——避难就易,节省时间 在解题过程中,我们应该遵循“先易后难”的原则,遇到少数疑难问题时不可徘徊不前。为了不影响做题速度,我们可以暂时跳过难点,去解决那些靠上下文能确定的、比较直接具体的问题。或许在上文中难以判断的题在下文中就有暗示或明确的表示,或许一个在前面不能解的题在填出了另一空后会令你豁然开朗。一般说来,固定词组、习惯搭配、常见句型及明显的语法结构等易于判断。 扫尾——复读全文,解决残敌 到了这时,借助已经补全的空白,我们应该对全文有了更清楚的理解,可以集中解决所遗留的少数疑难问题,如采用排除法逐步缩小包围圈等方法。对于实在无从下手的个别题目,我们则完全可以凭语感来确定: 把几个选项逐一放在空格内念两遍,哪个念起来顺口、舒服就选哪个。注意:凭语感选定的答案不要轻易改动,因为最初的感觉很可能是正确的。 在各空都已填出后,再复读全文。我们必须重视这最后的弥补疏漏,改正错误的扫尾机会,以争取最好成绩。 真题实战演练 2011·全国新课标卷)完形填空20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30      In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life,a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory__36__(同义复现)courseabout 20 years ago.(记叙文,回忆、人物、时间、事件education      The professor __37__the lecture hall,placedupon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), andinvited the students to _38_(同义复现)how many beans the jar contained. After __39__shouts of wildly wrong guessesthe professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the __40__ answer,(与前面wrong相对应)and went on saying, ”You have just __41__an important lesson about science. That is: Never__42__ your own senses.”      Twenty years later, the __43__(上文提到的人物)couldguess what the professorhad in mind. He __44__himself, perhaps,as inviting his students to start an exciting __45__(概括的是答案)into an unknown world invisible(无形的)to the  46  ,which can be discoveredonly through scientific  47  .But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or顺接关系)even  48  the invitation. She was just 49  to understand the world. And she50 that herfirsthand experience could be the  51 .The professor, however, 与小女孩的观点相反的said that it was52(与51相对).he was taking away her only53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feelingsmall and 54 ,”(找andthe women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I55 the course that afternoon,and I haven’t gone nearscience since.”(找否定词) 36.A. art                     B. history           C. science               D. math 37.A. searched fo    B. looked at      C. got through        D. marched into 38.A. count                B. guess              C. report                 D. watch 39.A. warning            B. giving            C. turning away      D. listening to 40.A. ready                B. possible          C. correct                D. difficult 41.A. learned              B. prepared        C. taught                D. taken 42.A. lose                   B. trust               C. sharpen              D. show 43.A. lecturer             B. scientist         C. speaker               D. woman 44.A. described          B. respected       C. saw                    D. served 45.A. voyage              B. movement      C. change               D. rush 46.  A. professor      B. eye         C. knowledge       D. light 47.  A. model         B. senses      C. spirit            D. methods 48.  A. hear          B. make        C. present         D. refuse 49.  A. suggesting    B. beginning   C. pretending        D. waiting 50.  A. believed      B. doubted       C. proved         D. explained 51.  A. growth       B. strength      C. faith            D. truth 52.  A. firm          B. interesting    C. wrong           D. acceptable 53.  A. task          B. tool          C. success         D. connection 54.  A. cruel         B. proud        C. frightened       D. brave 55.  A. dropped      B. started       C. passed          D. missed   【要点综述】本文是记叙文。二十年前,在第一节理科实验课上,一位教授做了一个实验,这个实验告诉学生们,不要相信自己的判断。正是这个实验让一位妇女以后远离了理科。 36. C 联系下文an important lesson about science我们知道,这是一节理科实验课。 37. D 从空后的placed upon his desk a large jar filled with…我们可以知道,老师走进了教室。 38. B 联系空后的how many beans the jar contained我们可以知道,教授让学生们猜一下,这个坛子能装多少豆子。 39. D 联系空后的shouts of wildly wrong guesses我们知道,学生们喊出了各种错误的推测,教授听了他们喊出的答案。 40. C 联系空前的announced和空后的answer我们知道,教授向学生们公布了正确答案。 41. A 联系空后的an important lesson about science我们知道,教授认为他们学到了一堂非常重要的理科课程。 42. B 学生们的推测都是错误的,因此教授说,“不要相信你们的意识。” 43. D 联系下文But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept…我们知道,这个妇女能够推测教授心里是怎么想的。 44. C 前文有提示:The professor 37 (marched into) the lecture hall,由此我们可以得出答案。 45. A 联系空后的into the unknown world我们知道,教授的目的是带学生们进行一次激动人心的知识旅行。 46. B 联系后文which can be discovered only through scientific 47 (method)我们知道,这个世界是眼睛看不到的,只有通过科学方法才可以看到。    47. D 联系前文的invisible to the eye我们知道,这个世界只有通过科学的方法才可以看到。 48. A 联系空前的could not accept我们知道,她不能接受,甚至听到这个邀请。or在这里表达前后为顺接关系,因此其他选项可以排除。 49. B 联系前文的the seventeen-year-old girl我们可以推断,这个小女孩年龄很小,只是刚刚开始认识这个世界。 50. A 空后的her firsthand experience could be the 51   (truth)是她的认识,因此我们选believed。 51. D 联系前文我们知道,教授想告诉学生的是第一手经验并不一定是事情的真相,我们要通过科学实验来验证真相,但是小女孩的想法与之相反。 52. C 联系前文我们可以知道,教授认为小女孩认识世界的方式是错误的。 53. B 显然空前提到的her first-hand experience就是她认识世界的工具。 54. C 联系下文的haven’t gone near science since我们知道,她对理科产生了恐惧。 55. A 联系空后的haven’t gone near science since我们知道,那天下午她就放弃了理科。D有一定干扰性,miss意思是“错过”,因此可以排除。   高考英语完型填空实战演练二  20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30 Sometimes people call each other “scared-cat”, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn’t    16   this, its body is getting ready for action. If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.   18  , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our bodies also go through many   19   changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves   20   run. Human beings,   21   , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our feelings and let them   22   , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then   23   later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn’t always   24   to express your feelings freely. Does this mean that it’s smarter always to   25   our feelings? No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be   28   for your health. Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don’t just   29   . It’s like you bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but   30   you’d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They’d be rotten. You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard. You can   33   they don’t exist, but they’ll still be   34  . And at last you’ll have to   35   them. Just like those bananas. 16. A. mind         B. admit        C. realize       D. remember 17. A. save         B. help         C. defend        D. hide 18. A. Truly        B. Frequently   C. Similarly     D. Differently 19. A. chemical     B. physical     C. health        D. ill 20. A. and          B. or           C. but           D. yet 21. A. therefore    B. but          C. besides       D. however 22. A. take off     B. take on      C. take over     D. take up 23. A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared 24. A. useful       B. right        C. easy          D. wise 25. A. handle       B. hurt         C. hide          D. prevent 26. A. keep         B. find         C. control       D. let 27. A. relaxed      B. tense        C. same          D. different 28. A. good         B. harmful      C. helpful       D. useful 29. A. go away      B. go on        C. go up         D. go out 30. A. long before  B. as usual     C. before long   D. right away 31. A. meet         B. observe      C. catch         D. see 32. A. as if        B. just as      C. just after    D. even though 33. A. pretend      B. expect       C. decide        D. assume 34. A. in           B. around       C. over          D. beyond 35. A. eat up       B. deal with    C. throw away    D. send out   Sometimes people call each other “scared-cat”, but have you ever thought about this expression? When a cat is frightened, its heart starts beating faster, its muscles get tense, and there are changes in the chemicals in its blood- stream. Although the cat doesn’t    16   this, its body is getting ready for action. If the danger continues, this animal will do one of the two things. It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. 16. A. mind         B. admit        C. realize       D. remember 解题思路:题眼法\代入法 捕捉题眼,寻找契机:所谓“题眼”就是解题线索,就是那些原句中出现的、对解题起重要暗示作用的关键词。找准关键词语,有时题干中带有对解题起着关键作用的词语,如果能迅速找准这些词语,再结合各选项的意义和特点,就能很快选出正确答案。 17. A. save         B. help         C. defend        D. hide 解题思路:没有同义复现或固定搭配,考虑概括的是解。 并列结构法: 根据文章中表示并列关系的连词或副词如:and/also/or或逗号“,”等,它们的提点是and前后的成分结构相似,意义相关,再做出准确判断。     18  , when people are excited, angry, scared, or aroused by other emotions, our bodies also go through many   19   changes. Our hearts beat faster, and our muscles get tense. All of these changes make us more alert and ready to react. We, too, get ready to defend ourselves   20   run. 18. A. Truly        B. Frequently   C. Similarly     D. Differently *解题思路:前后呼应法\代入法 前后呼应法:做完形填空要始终抓住文章本身,联系“双语境”判断做题,即大语境——全文中心和基调;小语境——空格前后所构成的语意环境;再根据前有伏笔,后有呼应的思路做题。 句群、段落、篇章等。语篇与语篇之间往往有表明其内在联系的词语,这些词语被称为“语篇标志”。
    如表示结构层次的语篇标志语有:firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally等;
     表示逻辑关系的语篇标志语有:  thus, therefore, so等;
     表示改变话题的语篇标志语有:  by the way等;
     表示递进关系的语篇标志语有:  besides, what’s more, further等;
     表示时间关系的语篇标志语有:  before, so far, yet, meanwhile, later等。
19. A. chemical     B. physical     C. health        D. ill *解题思路:摆脱思维定势,排除“陷阱”chemical后提示句Our heartsbeat faster, and our muscles get tense.都是physical 20. A. and          B. or           C. but           D. yet *解题思路:与前面句子It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can.同义复现。 同义复现:是英语中常见的一种现象。为强调某一意思,但又不想重复使用某个词,文中前后两处会使用一组同义词或同义词组。由于在完形填空题中,这两个同义词的位置多半比较靠近,很容易找到。无须过多推理,只须确定相同的是哪个意思,然后找出选项中与之相符的一项即可。 Human beings,   21   , have a problem that animals never face. If we give way to our feelings andlet them   22   , we can get into trouble. Have you ever said something in anger, or hit somebody and regretted it later? Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then   23   later you had kept your mouth shut? It isn’t always   24   to express your feelings freely. 21. A. therefore    B. but          C. besides       D. however *解题思路:转折特点: but转折法:文中一出现“but” “Although” “though” “however,” “while”等词,应该马上想到前后语意有转折。只要知道其中一方的语意,就可以反向推出另一方的意思,从而解题。完形填空题中,but一词后多半会设题。所以,大家在考试时,只要看到but就做一个标记,遇到类似but这样表转折的词也同样处理。这样便于回到原文去寻找解题的依据。 22. A. take off     B. take on      C. take over     D. take up 解题思路:and并列结构法,give way to的同义词let 。。take           23. A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。 24. A. useful       B. right        C. easy          D. wise 解题思路:后暗示法,smarter的近义词是         。 利用暗示和对应解题:虽然重点是对语法、短语和词的辨析、句子结构的考查,但对文章故事情节发展线索的逻辑考查仍是重点。暗示与上下对应的思维方法,是突破此类完形填空最关键的思维方式。
 
Does this mean that it’s smarter always to   25   our feelings? No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  . Physical illnesses can develop. It can actually be   28   for your health. 25. A. handle       B. hurt         C. hide          D. prevent 解题思路:同义复现法 26. A. keep         B. find         C. control       D. let 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,动词      可以带宾补hiddenaway or bottled up inside。 27. A. relaxed      B. tense        C. same          D. different 解题思路:跨段落篇章复现tense 查找文章多处反复复现概念的已知词:复现可以是相同的词在文章的不同地方重复出现。复现的解题意义在于:如果判断出一个未知填空与上下文的那些已知词汇有复现关系,只要从选项中选出与那些词汇意义相同的就是正确答案。 28. A. good         B. harmful      C. helpful       D. useful 解题思路:利用关联成分,将illnesses设置成已知,另一个是未知的,这样那个已知的词语便成为破解未知词语的关键线索。illnesses会对health       ? Feelings that you keep all bottled up inside, don’t just   29   . It’s like you bought some bananas and stuck them in a cupboard. You might not be able to see them, but   30   you’d smell them. And if you opened the cupboard, you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them. They’d be rotten. 29. A. go away      B. go on        C. go up         D. go out *解题思路:看清上下文,找准定位词充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句,go         ?  看看文章中动词都与哪些副词或介词搭配成动词短语?  It will   17   itself, or it will run away as fast as it can. No! If you   26   feelings of anger, sadness, and bitterness hidden away or bottled up inside, your body stays   27  . 30. A. long before  B. as usual     C. before long   D. right away 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,but   30   you’d smell them. 句中的’d=would是过去将来时.in no time=by and by=in a flash=before long=soon是将来时的时间状语,表示“很快”;而right away=right now=quickly=at once=immediately则不受限制! 31. A. meet         B. observe      C. catch         D. see 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,you’d   31   little fruit flies hovering (盘旋) all over them.A. meet ,B. observe,C. catch ,D. see)little fruit flies hovering (盘旋)。   You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard. You can   33   they don’t exist, but they’ll still be   34  . And at last you’ll have to   35   them. Just like those bananas. 32. A. as if        B. just as      C. just after    D. even though 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,You can try to treat emotions   32   they were bananas in the cupboard.是虚拟句。 33. A. pretend      B. expect       C. decide        D. assume 解题思路:抉择于A. pretend 和D. assume之间,         exist? 绝对相近法:它是从选项着手分析的,若四个选项中有两个选项绝对矛盾、相近和对立,那么正确选项大多在这两个对立项之间产生,二者必居其一,至于究竟是两者中的哪一个,则需进一步根据上下文的语境判断。注意固定的搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。 34. A. in           B. around       C. over          D. beyond 解题思路:exist=be there, there= in? around? Over? beyond? 35. A. eat up       B. deal with    C. throw away    D. send out 解题思路:容易错选C.throw away,概括的是解。 16——20 CCCBB 21——25 DCADC 26——30ABBAC 31——35 DAABB   高考英语完型填空实战演练二20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30 Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute, 16   today was a very special occasion. It was almost  17  by getting there an hour beforehand that she  18  to cause the plane to arrive sooner:  19  raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had  22  seen Joe. She fished a  23  out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up?. Joe had  24  made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he  25  it. It was funny how much importance she attached to  26  a good impression on him. After all,friends do not judge each other by  27  All the same,it was the first meeting after a long separation,and she wanted everything to  28  right· Looking out of the window,Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ,of the town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had  31  him to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌),had.   32  to meet him at the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time,  33  ,it was not necessary,  34   because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainly because Anna had said that she could  35  the afternoon off in order to come and meet him. 16. A. and             B. but                     C. for                         D. as 17. A. because         B. since                  C. as if                       D. when 18. A. thought          B. liked                  C. had                       D. hoped 19. A. Idea            B. Facts                   C. Thoughts              D. Matters 20. A. new             B. strange                 C. latest                     D. single 21. A. like              B. recognize              C. terrify                   D. tell 22. A. before           B. recently                 C. last                        D. most 23. A. purse             B. handkerchief        C. mirror                    D. book 24. A. never             B. almost                  C. often                     D. regularly 25. A. told             B. called                   C. saw                       D. thought 26. A. offering         B. taking                  C. having                   D. making 27. A. appearance     B. clothes                  C. make-up                D. looking 28. A. come across   B. turn up                  C. go off                   D. get out 29. A. caught           B. left                     C. enjoyed                 D. met 30. A. air               B. rain                    C. train                      D.  clouds 31. A. employed       B. invited,               C. told                    D. informed 32. A. offered         B. arrived                 C. intended               D. attempted 33. A. therefore        B. however               C. instead                  D. as well 34. A. luckily           B. really                  C. partly                    D. separately 35. A. put              B. make                  C. take                       D. leave   高考英语完型填空实战演练二20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30 Anna arrived far too early. Usually she left things to the last minute16   today was a very special occasion. It was almost  17  by getting there an hour beforehand that she  18  to cause the plane to arrive sooner:  19  raced through her mind. “Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? "After all,it was a year almost to the day since she had  22  seen Joe. She fished a  23  out of her handbag and inspected her face. Too much make-up?. Joe had  24  made any comment but she knew that he did not approve of(赞成)heavy make-up—“gilding the lily”,he  25  it. It was funny how much importance she attached to  26  a good impression on him. After all,friends do not judge each other by  27  All the same,it was the first meeting after a long separation,and she wanted everything to  28  right· 16. A. and             B. but                     C. for                        D. as 解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。 17. A. because        B. since                  C. as if                      D. when 解题思路:利用语法分析解题,because,since,when接句子。 18. A. thought         B. liked                  C. had                       D. hoped 解题思路:sooner是将来时间状语,hope与将来时有关! 19. A. Idea            B. Facts                  C. Thoughts             D. Matters 解题思路:“Do I look all right? Will he notice that I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21  me? 这两个问句说明她在想。Think =   19  raced through her mind.? 20. A. new            B. strange                C. latest                    D. single 解题思路:利用排除法解题I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? Will he even  21recognize  me? "怀疑是否能recognize我,说明I’m wearing a  20  trouser suit? 21. A. like             B. recognize             C. terrify                  D. tell 解题思路:代入法 22. A. before          B. recently                C. last                       D. most 解题思路:代入法 23. A. purse            B. handkerchief       C. mirror                  D. book 解题思路:make-up相关的是         ? 24. A. never            B. almost                 C. often                    D. regularly 解题思路:but说明前面应是否定词。 25. A. told             B. called                   C. saw                       D. thought 解题思路:代入法“gilding the lily”,he  25  it.=he  25  it “gilding the lily”? 26. A. offering         B. taking                  C. having                  D. making 解题思路:代入法,词汇辨析 27. A. appearance   B. clothes                  C. make-up              D. looking 解题思路:judge each other by  27  ?概括的是解。 28. A. come across B. turn up                C. go off                   D. get out 解题思路:联想法Everything goes well,Everything与go搭配! Looking out of the window,Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ofthe town far below. Certainly it was very flattering that they had  31  him to be the guest lecturer at their Autumn Congress yet again. The Chairman of the Organizing Committee,as a matter of Courtesy(礼貌),had  32  to meet him at the airport,as he had done on previous occasions. This time,  33  ,it was not necessary   34   because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainlybecause Anna had said that she could  35  the afternoon off in order to come and meet him. 29. A. caught          B. left                     C. enjoyed                D. met 解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。删除干扰部分,就是将起干扰作用的定语从句、介词短语或插入语删除Joe  29  a first glimpse,through a break in the   30  ofthe town far below. 30. A. air               B. rain                   C. train                     D. clouds 解题思路:the town far below.暗示是从飞机向下看,突然a break看不到了片刻是因为天空中       挡了一下?   31. A. employed      B. invited                   C. told                    D. informed 解题思路:Autumn Congress guest lecturer有关的动词是         ? 32. A. offered         B. arrived                C. intended              D. attempted 解题思路:intended attempted近义,应排除,承诺去接。 33. A. therefore       B. however              C. instead                 D. as well 解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。 34. A. luckily          B. really                 C. partly                   D. separately 解题思路:转折特点:一句肯定,一句否定;前后句有一组反义词;前句是形副词原级,后句是比较级;前句是一般过去式,后句是一般现在时或前句是过去完成时,后句是一般过去式;后句有一”still”词;前句有“Maybe”, “Perhaps”, “It meight be”等表示“可能”的副词。后面句子中it was not necessary     because Joe was quite familiar with the city,but mainlybecause Anna had said that she couldtake the afternoon off提示未知的空应是mainly的反义词。 35. A. put              B. make                 C. take                      D. leave 解题思路:固定搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。不知道take off是请假的话,联想have two days off是请2天假的意思也行,因为词组也含off. 36—40  BCDCA  41—45  BCCAB   46—50  DACAD        51—55  BABCC    
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